Skip to main content

Kimberly sugar beet germplasm evaluated for rhizomania and storage rot resistance in Idaho, 2020

Eujayl, Imad A. and Strausbaugh, C.A. (2021) Kimberly sugar beet germplasm evaluated for rhizomania and storage rot resistance in Idaho, 2020. Plant Disease Management Reports. 15:p. V161. 16 August 2021.

[img] Text

Download (46kB)


Rhizomania caused by Beet necrotic yellow vein virus (BNYVV) and storage losses are serious sugar beet production problems. To identify sugar beet germplasm lines with resistance to BNYVV and storage rots, eight Beta vulgaris lines and five check cultivars were screened. The lines were grown in a sugar beet field infested with BNYVV during the 2020 growing season in a randomized complete block design with 6 replications. At harvest on 13-14 October, roots were dug and evaluated for rhizomania symptoms and then placed in an indoor commercial sugar beet storage building. After 131 days in storage, samples were evaluated for the percentage of root surface area covered by fungal growth or rot. Rhizomania symptom development in the field was uniform and other disease problems were not evident in the plot area. The BNYVV susceptible sugar and red beet checks both had 100% foliar symptoms and a high root disease severity ratings. The resistant check with two resistance genes, Rz1 + Rz2 (check 3), had 1% foliar symptoms and low root rating. The resistant checks with only one resistance gene had foliar symptoms ranging from 8 to 13%, but their root ratings were still within an acceptable range. Foliar symptoms indicate single gene resistance for BNYVV is becoming marginal. Based on the root ratings, all entries had some level of BNYVV resistance since they were all better than the susceptible checks. However, only entry 9 had a root rating similar to the resistant checks and the yellowish leaves (100% foliar rating) were likely an indication of nutrient deficiency and not RZ susceptibility. Four entries (1, 4, 9, and 10) had resistance to fungal rots in storage. Entry 1 has also had no foliar symptoms and a good storage rating in two previous evaluations. Entry 4 should be evaluated again next year since it had no foliar symptoms and a good storage rating. Some entries may serve as a starting point for identifying additional sources of resistance to BNYVV and storage rots.

Item Type: Article
NWISRL Publication Number: 1712
Subjects: Irrigated crops > Sugarbeet > Resistance
Irrigated crops > Sugarbeet > Rhizomania
Irrigated crops > Sugarbeet > Storage
Irrigated crops > Sugarbeet
Depositing User: Users 6 not found.
Date Deposited: 23 Aug 2021 19:41
Last Modified: 23 Aug 2021 19:41
Item ID: 1750