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Sugarbeet Yield and Quality as Affected by Nitrogen Level

Carter, J.N. and Westermann, D.T. and Jensen, M.E. (1976) Sugarbeet Yield and Quality as Affected by Nitrogen Level. Agronomy Journal. 68(1):49-55.

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Abstract

This study was conducted, under several climatic and soil conditions, to determine the effect of N level on sugarbeet yield and quality and to further develop and refine both soil and tissue test methods for predicting N fertilizer needs for efficient refined sucrose production. Previous studies indicate that N fertilizer needs for maximum sucrose production may be predicted by considering yield potential and all N sources. Sugarbeets (Beta vulgaris L.) were grown under field conditions at N fertilizer levels varying from 0 to 448 kg N/ha on six sites throughout southern Idaho to determine root yield, sucrose percentages, sucrose yield, purity index, and plant N uptake in relation to the residual NO?-N, mineralizable N, fertilizer N, and petiole NO?-N. These experiments demonstrated that the N fertilizer needs of sugarbeets can be determined by relating the root yield potential to the measured residual NO?-N plus a measured or estimated mineralizable N level for an area. Optimum N level from all available soil and fertilizer sources has been found to vary between 5 to 6 kg/metric ton of beet roots produced. Using data from the current experiment and a previous study, N fertilizer could be predicted within 56 kg N/ha of that needed for maximum sucrose yield in 83% of the sites using measured NO?-N and mineralizable N levels, 67% using measured NO?-N and average mineralizable N levels, and only 12.5% using recommendations by fieldmen. Linear correlations were found between the total available N, total plant N uptake, other plant N variables, and root quality factors, like percentage sucrose and impurity index. These relationships confirm previous findings and will be useful for predicting root quality, optimum arrest date, and for verifying recommended fertilization practices. The use of the proposed soil and tissue test will improve root quality and sucrose production, as well as production efficiency, that will economically benefit the consumer, producer, and manufacturer.

Item Type: Article
NWISRL Publication Number: 0342
Subjects: Irrigated crops > Sugarbeet
Mass Import - autoclassified (may be erroneous)
Depositing User: Dan Stieneke
Date Deposited: 20 Nov 2010 21:51
Last Modified: 15 Feb 2017 20:28
Item ID: 298
URI: https://eprints.nwisrl.ars.usda.gov/id/eprint/298

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