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The Effect of Furrow Irrigation Erosion on Crop Productivity

Carter, D.L. and Berg, R.D. and Sanders, B.J. (1985) The Effect of Furrow Irrigation Erosion on Crop Productivity. Soil Science Society of America Journal. 49(1):207-211.

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Furrow irrigation erosion redistributes topsoil by eroding upper
ends of fields and depositing sediment on downslope portions causing
a several fold topsoil depth difference on individual fields. This
investigation was conducted to evaluate the effects of this erosion
and deposition process on crop yield and to develop crop yield-topsoil
depth relationships. Studies were conducted on 14 farmer-operated
fields and on field plots with a continuous topsoil depth gradient
from 10 to 66 cm. Severe erosion on the upper ends of fields combined
with tillage has mixed light-colored subsoil with topsoil and
caused these areas to become whitish in color. Crop yields have
sharply decreased on these whitish areas compared to areas where
the topsoil depth is 38 cm, or the original depth. Yields were increased,
but less sharply, where sediment deposition has increased
topsoil depth above 38 cm up to a depth of about 66 cm. Yield-topsoil
depth relationships followed the equation Y = a+b 1nX with
significant correlation coefficients for wheat (Triticum aestivum L.),
sweet corn (Zea mays L.), barley (Hordeum vulgare L.), alfalfa
(Medicago sativa L.), dry beans (Phaseolus sap.) and sugarbeets (Beta
vulgaris L.). Yield decreases per unit loss of topsoil were greatest
for wheat and sweet corn and least for sugarbeets. Yields on whitish
soil areas could not be improved more than indicated by these relationships
by adding additional fertilizer phosphorus or potassium.

Item Type: Article
NWISRL Publication Number: 0543
Subjects: Irrigation > Furrow irrigation > Erosion
Soil > Erosion
Mass Import - autoclassified (may be erroneous)
Depositing User: Dan Stieneke
Date Deposited: 20 Nov 2010 21:52
Last Modified: 13 Jan 2017 22:20
Item ID: 432