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Evaluation of USDA-ARS sugar beet germplasm for resistance to rhizomania and storage rot in Idaho, 2022

Strausbaugh, C.A. and Majumdar, R. (2023) Evaluation of USDA-ARS sugar beet germplasm for resistance to rhizomania and storage rot in Idaho, 2022. Plant Disease Management Reports. 153(17):1-2. 29 August 2023.

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Thirty sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L.) lines from the USDA-ARS Ft. Collins sugar beet program and five check cultivars were screened for resistance to Beet necrotic yellow vein virus (BNYVV), the causal agent of rhizomania, and to storage rot. The rhizomania evaluation was conducted at the USDA-ARS North Farm in Kimberly, ID which has Portneuf silt loam soil and had been in barley in 2021. In the spring the field was plowed and fertilized (110 lb N and 160 lb P2O5/A) and roller harrowed on 6 Apr 22. The germplasm was planted (density of 114,048 seeds/A) on 3 May. The plots were one row 10-ft long with 22-in. between-row spacing and arranged in a randomized complete block design with 6 replicates. The crop was managed according to standard cultural practices for southern Idaho. The trial relied on endemic field inoculum for rhizomania and storage rot development. The plots were rated for rhizomania foliar symptom (percentage of plants with yellow, stunted, upright leaves) development on 15 Aug. The plants were mechanically topped and hand harvested on 11-12 Oct. At harvest, ten roots per plot were rated for rhizomania symptom development using a scale of 0 to 9 (0 = healthy and 9 = dead; Plant Disease 93:632-638). At harvest, eight roots per plot were also placed in a mesh-onion bag and kept in an indoor commercial storage facility (temperature set point 34°F) in Paul, ID on 13 Oct. On 14 Mar 23, after 152 days in storage, the roots were evaluated for the percentage of root surface area covered by fungal growth or rot. Except for root ratings, data were analyzed in SAS (Ver. 9.4) using the general linear model (Proc GLM) procedure, and Fisher’s protected least significant difference (α = 0.05) was used for mean comparisons. The root ratings were analyzed in a nonparametric analysis as described by Shah and Madden (Phytopathology 94:33-43).

Item Type: Article
NWISRL Publication Number: 1767
Subjects: Irrigated crops > Sugarbeet > Rhizomania
Irrigated crops > Sugarbeet > Storage
Irrigated crops > Sugarbeet
Depositing User: Users 11 not found.
Date Deposited: 18 Sep 2023 16:59
Last Modified: 18 Sep 2023 16:59
Item ID: 1808