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Beet leafhopper and BCTV strain survey 2021 progress report

Strausbaugh, C.A. (2022) Beet leafhopper and BCTV strain survey 2021 progress report. The Sugarbeet. 4 April 2022. pp. 49-50.

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At the request of a sugar beet industry stakeholder, beet leafhopper (BLH) populations in southern Idaho were tracked during the 2020 (4 counties) and 2021 (5 counties) growing seasons in desert areas and sugar beet and dry bean fields in southern Idaho. Samples were collected on a weekly basis from mid-April through mid-September to assess all leafhoppers for population levels and the presence of Beet curly top virus (BCTV) strains. Crop plants from monitored fields were also assessed for the presence of BCTV strains. Elmore Co. had green plants in the desert coming out of the winter and through the summer the past two years. Once BLH populations in Elmore Co. began increasing in May, they were present in at least double-digit numbers through most of the summer at all sites both years. Coming out of the winter, the desert sites in Minidoka Co. both years, Twin Falls Co. in 2020, and Owyhee Co. in 2021 were dry and had no green plants. At the 2021 Twin Falls desert site, the only live vegetation was sagebrush. Thus, BLH numbers at these desert sites were at or near zero. Local weed populations appeared to be the primary source of BLH in crop fields in these counties. Preliminary data suggest two haplotypes (based on cytochrome oxidase gene) dominate the BLH population. Over the 22-week collection period, the horizontal card averaged 45 to 75% fewer BLH than the vertical card indicating vertical card placement is preferrable. In 2020, 42% of the BLH samples were positive for the BCTV coat protein and Worland was found to be the dominant strain of BCTV. The phytoplasma, morphotyping, and 2021 BCTV strain identifications are currently a work in progress. Once all data are collected, the project will establish the BCTV strains for which host plant resistance is needed and the best time for when control of BLH is necessary.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Irrigated crops > Sugarbeet > Curly top
Irrigated crops > Sugarbeet
Depositing User: Users 11 not found.
Date Deposited: 07 Apr 2022 19:21
Last Modified: 07 Apr 2022 19:21
Item ID: 1768