Skip to main content

Beet leafhopper and BCTV strain survey

Strausbaugh, C.A. and Wenninger, E.J. (2021) Beet leafhopper and BCTV strain survey. The Sugarbeet. Research Issue:27. 22 March 2021.

[img] Text

Download (923kB)


Screening for resistance to Beet curly top virus (BCTV) in sugar beet suggests that at least some sources of resistance are strain specific. Also, beet leafhopper populations can vary by location and year. Thus, at the request of a sugar beet industry stakeholder, beet leafhopper populations in southern Idaho were tracked during the 2020 growing season in desert areas and sugar beet and dry bean fields in four southern Idaho counties. Samples were collected on a weekly basis from May through mid-September to assess all leafhoppers for population levels and the presence of BCTV strains. Crop plants from monitored fields were also assessed for the presence of BCTV strains. Beet leafhopper populations in Elmore Co. were present in at least double-digit numbers through most of the summer at all three sites. However, populations peaked in the Elmore desert (avg. 401 beet leafhoppers per 40 sq. inches) on 20 May, while populations in the bean field peaked in late Jun to mid-Jul (avg. 24) and the sugar beet field on 5 Aug (avg. 69). In the Twin Falls Co. desert, the beet leafhopper populations were low (high was an avg. of 3 in Aug) throughout the season. While the Twin Falls Co. sugar beet field peaked with an average of 27 beet leafhoppers on 22 Jul and the bean field peaked with an average of 4 beet leafhoppers on 15 Jul. In Minidoka Co. only a few beet leafhoppers were collected at all three sites late in the summer. In Bingham Co. beet leafhoppers at the desert and sugar beet sites were almost undetectable through the whole season. However, the Bingham Co. bean field had an average of 23 beet leafhoppers by 26 Aug. Preliminary data suggest two haplotypes (based on cytochrome oxidase gene) dominate the beet leafhopper population. Over the 19-week collection period, the horizontal card averaged 75% fewer beet leafhoppers than the vertical card. The BCTV strain and phytoplasma identification is currently a work in progress. Once all data are collected, the project will establish the BCTV strains for which host plant resistance is needed and the best time for when control of beet leafhoppers is necessary.

Item Type: Article
NWISRL Publication Number: 1701
Subjects: Irrigated crops > Sugarbeet > Curly top
Irrigated crops > Sugarbeet > Resistance
Irrigated crops > Sugarbeet
Depositing User: Users 6 not found.
Date Deposited: 22 Mar 2021 16:30
Last Modified: 22 Mar 2021 16:30
Item ID: 1739