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Beet curly top resistance in USDA-ARS plant introduction lines, 2020

Dorn, K.M. and Strausbaugh, C.A. (2021) Beet curly top resistance in USDA-ARS plant introduction lines, 2020. Plant Disease Management Reports. 15. 9 March 2021.

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Thirty sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L.) USDA-ARS Plant Introduction (PI) lines and three commercial check cultivars were screened for resistance to Beet curly top virus (BCTV). The curly top evaluation was conducted at the USDA-ARS North Farm in Kimberly, ID which has Portneuf silt loam soil and had been in barley in 2019. The field was plowed and then fertilized and roller harrowed on 27 Mar. The germplasm was planted on 18 May. The plots were two rows 10-ft long with 22-in. row spacing and treatments were arranged in a randomized complete block design with six replications. The field was sprinkler irrigated, cultivated, and hand weeded as necessary. Plant populations were thinned to about 23,760 plants/A on 17 Jun. Plants were inoculated at the four- to six-leaf growth stage on 23 Jun with approximately six viruliferous (containing the following BCTV strains: California/Logan and Severe) beet leafhoppers (Circulifer tenellus Baker) per plant. The beet leafhoppers were redistributed three times a day during the first two days and then twice a day for five more days by dragging a tarp through the field. The plants were sprayed with Lorsban 4E on 7 Jul to kill the beet leafhoppers. Plots were rated for foliar symptom development on 13 Jul using a scale of 0 to 9 (0 = healthy and 9 = dead), with the scale treated as a continuous variable. Data were rank transformed and analyzed in SAS using the general linear model procedure (Proc GLM), and Fisher’s protected least significant difference (LSD; a = 0.05) was used for mean comparisons. The non-transformed means are presented in the table. Only results for 26 lines are reported in the table since 4 lines (6, 19, 20, and 21) did not grow. Curly top symptom development was uniform and no other disease problems were evident in the plot area. The resistant and susceptible checks performed as expected for the visual ratings. Statistically, 13 of the entries contain at least some minor resistance since their visual ratings were significantly lower than those for both susceptible checks. However, only entry 28 was not significantly different from the resistant check. Entry 28 along with entries with similar levels of resistance will be retested and, if resistance is confirmed, these lines will be considered for incorporation into the USDA-ARS germplasm improvement program as a source of resistance to BCTV.

Item Type: Article
NWISRL Publication Number: 1698
Subjects: Irrigated crops > Sugarbeet > Curly top
Irrigated crops > Sugarbeet > Resistance
Irrigated crops > Sugarbeet
Depositing User: Users 6 not found.
Date Deposited: 10 Mar 2021 22:12
Last Modified: 10 Mar 2021 22:12
Item ID: 1736