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Evaluation of residue management practices on barley residue decomposition

Loomis, Grant and Dari, B. and Rogers, C.W. and Sihi, D. (2020) Evaluation of residue management practices on barley residue decomposition. PLoS One. 15(5):p. e0232896. 13 May 2020.

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Optimizing barley (hordeum vulgare L.) production in Idaho and other parts of the Pacific Northwest (PNW) should focus on farm resource management. The effect of post-harvest residue management on barley residue decomposition has not been adequately studied. Thus, the objective of this study was to determine the effect of residue placement (surface vs. incorporated), residue size (chopped vs. ground-sieved) and soil type (sand and sandy loam) on barley residue decomposition. A 3-mo laboratory incubation experiment was conducted at a temperature of 25 to 30 °C at the Aberdeen Research and Extension Center, Aberdeen, Idaho, USA. Following the study, a Markov-Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) modeling approach was applied to investigate the first-order decay kinetics of barley residue. An accelerated initial flush of C-mineralization was measured for the sieved (Day 1) compared to chopped (Day 3 to 5) residues for both surface incorporated applications. The highest evolution of CO2-C of 8.3 g kg-1 was observed on Day 1 from the incorporated-sieved application for both soils. The highest and lowest amount of cumulative CO2-C released and percentage residue decomposed over 50-d was observed for surface-chopped (107 g kg-1 and 27%, respectively) and incorporated-sieved (69 g kg-1 and 18%, respectively) residues, respectively. There were no significant differences in C-mineralization from barley residue based on soil type or its interactions (p >0.05). The largest decay constant k of 0.0083 d-1 was calculated for surface-chopped residue where the predicted half-life was 80 d, which did not differ from surface sieved or incorporated chopped. In contrast, incorporated-sieved treatments only resulted in a k of 0.0054 d-1 and would need an additional 48 d to decompose 50% of the residue. Future residue decomposition studies under field conditions are warranted to verify the residue C-mineralization and its impact on residue management.

Item Type: Article
NWISRL Publication Number: 1674
Subjects: Practical farm efficiency
Depositing User: Users 6 not found.
Date Deposited: 21 Jul 2020 22:03
Last Modified: 21 Jul 2020 22:03
Item ID: 1715