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Beet curly top resistance in USDA-ARS Kimberly germplasm, 2019

Eujayl, Imad A. and Strausbaugh, C.A. (2020) Beet curly top resistance in USDA-ARS Kimberly germplasm, 2019. Plant Disease Management Reports. 14:p. CF042. 9 March 2020.

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Curly top caused by Beet curly top virus (BCTV) is a widespread disease problem vectored by the beet leafhopper in semiarid sugar beet production areas. Host resistance is the primary defense against this problem, but resistance in commercial cultivars is only low to intermediate. In order to identify novel sources of curly top resistance, 8 sugar beet lines produced by the USDA-ARS Kimberly sugar beet program were screened in a disease nursery in 2019. The lines were arranged in a randomized complete block design with six replications. A curly top epiphytotic was created by releasing six viruliferous beet leafhoppers per plant at the four- to six-leaf growth stage on 3 Jul. Foliar symptoms were evaluated on 22 July using a scale of 0-9 (0 = healthy and 9 = dead) in a continuous manner. Curly top symptom development was uniform and no other disease problems were evident in the plot area. The disease pressure in the test was moderately severe with good symptom development in the susceptible checks. Based on the visual rating, four entries (segregating populations) and two genetic stock line entries were not significantly different from the resistant checks. The resistant segregating populations will be suitable for single trait selection and advancement to breeding lines to enrich the BCTV resistance gene pool in the USDA-ARS sugar beet germplasm.

Item Type: Article
NWISRL Publication Number: 1668
Subjects: Irrigated crops > Sugarbeet > Curly top
Irrigated crops > Sugarbeet > Resistance
Irrigated crops > Sugarbeet
Depositing User: Users 6 not found.
Date Deposited: 09 Mar 2020 16:35
Last Modified: 09 Mar 2020 16:35
Item ID: 1709