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The phosphorus composition of temperate pasture soils determined by NaOH-EDTA extraction and solution 31P NMR spectroscopy

La composición de Fósforo de suelos templados de pastura determinados por la Extracción de NaOH-EDTA y la solución 31P NMR de espectroscopia

Turner, Benjamin L. and Mahieu, Nathalie and Condron, Leo M. (2003) The phosphorus composition of temperate pasture soils determined by NaOH-EDTA extraction and solution 31P NMR spectroscopy. Organic Geochemistry. 34:1199-1210.

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Information on the composition and dynamics of soil phosphorus (P) remains limited, but is integral to
understanding soil biogeochemical cycles. We used solution 31P nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy
to characterise NaOH—EDTA extractable P in 29 permanent pasture soils from England and Wales (total carbon
29-80 g kg- 1 soil, clay 219-681 g kg- 1 soil, pH 4.4-6.8). Total P ranged between 376 and 1981 mg P kg- 1 soil,
of which between 45 and 88% was extracted with NaOH—EDTA. The extracts were dominated by orthophosphate
monoesters (29-60% extracted P) and inorganic orthophosphate (21-55% extracted P), with smaller concentrations
of orthophosphate diesters (2-10% extracted P), pyrophosphate (1-7% extracted P), phosphonates (0 -
3% extracted P), and traces of polyphosphates. Orthophosphate diesters were subclassified into phospholipids (1-
7% extracted P) and DNA (1-6% extracted P). Signals slightly downfield of inorganic orthophosphate were tentatively
assigned to aromatic orthophosphate diesters similar in structure to R-(—)-1,1'-binaphthyl-2,2'-diyl hydrogen
phosphate. Such signals are rarely detected in soil extracts, but were present in relatively large concentrations in the
samples analysed here (2-5% extracted P). Relationships between functional P groups and soil properties suggested
that the various functional groups are involved in the soil P cycle to different extents. In particular, concentrations of
orthophosphate monoesters appeared to be controlled by the potential for chemical stabilisation in soil, whereas DNA
and pyrophosphate were strongly correlated with the microbial biomass, suggesting an active involvement in biological
nutrient turnover

Item Type: Article
NWISRL Publication Number: 1106
Subjects: Soil > Chemistry > Phosphorous
Research methodology
Mass Import - autoclassified (may be erroneous)
Depositing User: Dan Stieneke
Date Deposited: 20 Nov 2010 21:50
Last Modified: 08 Nov 2016 15:52
Item ID: 164