Skip to main content

Soil management and conservation: Irrigation: Methods

Bjorneberg, D.L. (2013) Soil management and conservation: Irrigation: Methods. Online Reference Database Earth Systems and Environmental Sciences. pp. 1-9. Available:

[img] PDF

Download (5MB)


Irrigation applies water to soil to improve crop production. The three main methods of irrigation are surface, sprinkler and micro. Surface irrigation is used on 85% of the irrigated land in the world. It generally requires lower capital investment because the soil conveys water within the field, rather than pipes or tubing used for sprinkler or microirrigation. Water application is more controlled with sprinkler and microirrigation and these irrigation methods can be automated easier than surface irrigation. There are many variations of irrigation methods and types of irrigation equipment. The purpose of this article is to describe the irrigation methods primarily used for agricultural production.

Item Type: Article
NWISRL Publication Number: 1524
Subjects: Dryland crops
Irrigation > Irrigation control
Irrigation > Sprinkler irrigation
Depositing User: Dan Stieneke
Date Deposited: 08 Dec 2014 22:02
Last Modified: 08 Dec 2014 22:02
Item ID: 1568