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Phosphorus mobility in soil columns treated with dairy manures and commercial fertilizer

Tarkalson, D.D. and Leytem, A.B. (2009) Phosphorus mobility in soil columns treated with dairy manures and commercial fertilizer. Soil Science. 174(2):73-80. February 2009.

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The concentration of animal production in some areas of the United States has led to concern about the environmental fate of manure-derived phosphorus (P) in soils. A column study was conducted to quantify P leaching in a calcareous soil treated with monoammonium phosphate (MAP), two solid dairy manures (D1S and D2S), and two liquid dairy manures (D1L and D2L). A control with no P application was also included. Treatments were applied at 166 kg P ha-1 to columns packed with 20 cm of a Warden fine sandy loam (coarse-loamy, mixed superactive, mesic Xeric Haplocalcids) in a completely randomized design with four replications and housed in a climate-controlled growth chamber. Simulated irrigation water was added to the columns at a rate of 47.4 mm (450 mL) during 13 events during a 9-week period, with leachate collected, volume recorded, and concentrations of total organic carbon (TOC) and total P (TP) determined for each event. At the end of the leaching events, each soil column was divided into eight 2.5-cm segments. Then, soil was air-dried, ground, and analyzed for TP, total carbon, calcium (Ca), iron, and manganese, and water-soluble P. The masses of TP and TOC in leachate were in the order D1L=D2L > MAP=D1S=D2S=Control. There was a positive linear relationship between the cumulative mass of TOC and cumulative mass of TP lost in leachate over all manure treatments (r2=0.98). The masses of TP and water-soluble P for treatments in the entire soil columns were in the order MAP > D1L=D2L > D1S=D2S=Control. Masses of P and C in leachate and soil show that P mobility in soil was in the order liquid dairy manures > MAP > solid dairy manures. At the end of the study, the total C was greater in the surface 2.5 cm of the soil columns for the solid manure treatments compared with the other treatments/depth combinations. The greater leaching of P in the liquid manure treatments compared with the solid manure treatments may be caused by a combination of factors including microbial activity, organically complexed metals, coating of P adsorption sites on clay particles by organic C compounds, and P-Ca and P-aluminum reactions.

Item Type: Article
NWISRL Publication Number: 1288
Subjects: Manure
Manure > Application guidelines
Manure > Chemistry
Depositing User: Users 6 not found.
Date Deposited: 17 Apr 2009 15:11
Last Modified: 18 Oct 2016 15:14
Item ID: 1311