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Water treatment residuals and biosolids co-applications affect phosphates in a semi-arid rangeland soil

Bayley, R.M. and Ippolito, J.A. and Stromberger, M.E. and Barbarack, K.A. and Paschke, M.W. (2008) Water treatment residuals and biosolids co-applications affect phosphates in a semi-arid rangeland soil. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis. 39:2812-2826.

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Co‐application of biosolids and water treatment residuals (WTR) land has not been extensively studied but may be beneficial by sorbing excess biosolid‐borne or soil phosphorus (P) onto WTR, reducing the likelihood of off‐site movement. Reduction of excess soil P may affect the role of specific P‐cleaving enzymes. The research objective was to understand the long‐term effects of single co‐applications and the short‐term impacts of repeated co‐applications on soil acid phosphomonoesterase, phosphodiesterase, pyrophosphatase, and phytase enzyme activities. Test plots were 7.5 × 15 m with treatments consisting of three different WTR rates with a single biosolids rate (5, 10, and 21 Mg WTR ha−1; 10 Mg biosolids ha−1) surface co‐applied once in 1991 or reapplied in 2002. Control plots consisted of those that received no WTR–biosolids co‐applications and plots that received only 10 Mg biosolids ha−1. Plots were sampled to a 5‐cm depth in 2003 and 2004, and soil phosphatases and phytase enzyme activities were measured. Soil phosphodiesterase activity decreased in WTR‐amended plots, and pyrophosphatase activity decreased with increasing WTR application rates. In contrast, acid phosphatase and phytase activity increased with WTR addition, with WTR application possibly triggering a deficiency response causing microorganisms or plants to secrete these enzymes. Biosolids and WTR co‐applications may affect enzymatic strategies for P mineralization in this study site. Reductions in phosphodiesterase activity suggest less P mineralization from biomass sources, including nucleic acids and phospholipids. Increased acid phosphatase and phytase activities indicate that ester‐P and inositol‐P may be important plant‐available P sources in soils amended with WTR.

Item Type: Article
NWISRL Publication Number: 1276
Subjects: Manure > Application guidelines
Depositing User: Users 6 not found.
Date Deposited: 18 Dec 2008 21:46
Last Modified: 18 Oct 2016 15:27
Item ID: 1299