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Controlling sprinkler irrigation runoff, erosion, and phosphorus loss with straw and polyacrylamide

Controlando el Deslave de la Irrigacion de Aspersión, la Erosión, y la Perdida del Fósforo con Paja y Poliacrilamido

Bjorneberg, D.L. and Aase, J.K. and Westermann, D.T. (2000) Controlling sprinkler irrigation runoff, erosion, and phosphorus loss with straw and polyacrylamide. Transactions of the ASAE. 43(6):1545-1551.

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Controlling runoff and soil erosion are important for maintaining soil productivity and reducing off-site
impairment due to sediment and nutrient enrichment. Previous research has shown that crop residue and polyacrylamide
(PAM) can reduce runoff and soil erosion. We compared the combined effects of surface residue and PAM on runoff soil
loss, and phosphorus loss from sprinkler irrigated soil in the laboratory. We hypothesized that surface residue would
enhance the effectiveness of sprinkler-applied PAM by allowing PAM to stabilize the soil surface with less disturbance by
water drops. Steel boxes (1.5 m long, 1.2 m wide, and 0.2 m deep) were filled with Roza loam (fine, smectitic, mesic
xerertic Haplocambids) and irrigated at 80 mm h-1 for 15 min. Wheat straw was applied for two separate tests (70% and
30% straw cover). The PAM was applied at 0, 2 or 4 kg ha-1 during the first irrigation, followed by two water-only
irrigations. Applying PAM to straw-covered soil controlled runoff, erosion, and phosphorus losses equally or better than
using either PAM or straw alone. The 70% straw cover reduced cumulative runoff for the three irrigations 75 to 80%
compared to 30 to 50% reduction with PAM alone. Polyacrylamide alone or 30% surface cover alone produced similar
results, both reducing cumulative runoff 10 to 20% compared to untreated bare soil. Since runoff, erosion and phosphorus
loss were reduced when PAM and surface residue were used individually and to a greater extent when used together,
management choices should depend on overall costs and control needed to meet water quality and production goals.

Item Type: Article
NWISRL Publication Number: 1027
Subjects: Irrigation > Furrow irrigation > Erosion > Polyacrylamide
Irrigation > Furrow irrigation > Erosion > Sraw residue
Irrigation > Furrow irrigation > Runoff losses > Nutrients
Irrigation > Sprinkler irrigation
Polyacrylamide (PAM) > Water-soluble PAM (WSPAM) > Erosion control
Polyacrylamide (PAM) > Water-soluble PAM (WSPAM) > Runoff
Soil > Erosion
Mass Import - autoclassified (may be erroneous)
Depositing User: Users 6 not found.
Date Deposited: 20 Nov 2010 21:50
Last Modified: 14 Nov 2016 18:58
Item ID: 115