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PAM and straw residue effects on irrigation furrow erosion and infiltration

Efectos Residuales de PAM y Paja en la Erosión de irrigación en Surcos e Infiltración

Lentz, R.D. and Bjorneberg, D.L. (2001) PAM and straw residue effects on irrigation furrow erosion and infiltration. pp. 175-178. In: Ascough II, J.C. and Flanagan, D.C. (eds.) Proc. Int. Symp. Soil erosion research for the 21st Century. USA-HI-Honolulu, 2001/01/03-05. ASAE, St. Joseph, MI.

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Abstract

Water soluble anionic polyacrylamide (PAM) is a highly effective erosion deterrent in furrow irrigation, but little is known about the effect of plant residue on PAM efficacy. We hypothesized that increasing plant residue in irrigation furrows may decrease PAM's ability to control erosion. Treatments included furrows with 3.2 g and 10 g m-1 straw applications irrigated with PAM or untreated water, and conventionally irrigated furrows (no PAM and no straw). Five irrigations were monitored on a field with 1.5% slope and silt loam soil (Durinodic Xeric Haplocalcids). PAM was applied as a granular patch at the furrow inflow end (33 g or 1 kg active ingredient ha-'). Irrigation inflows of 23 L min' were cutback to 15 after runoff began. Adding more straw, or adding PAM to straw-treated furrows decreased furrow sediment loss and increased net infiltration, but only for the first two irrigations after treatment. For fresh furrows, straw treatments reduced sediment loss an average of 86% and straw + PAM reduced sediment loss nearly 100%, compared to conventionally irrigated furrows. High-straw+PAM and lowstraw+PAM treatments produced the same furrow sediment losses and net infiltration amounts, i.e. increasing plant residues in furrows did not decrease PAM's efficacy on these soils.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
NWISRL Publication Number: 1036
Subjects: Irrigation > Furrow irrigation > Erosion > Polyacrylamide
Irrigation > Furrow irrigation > Erosion > Sraw residue
Irrigation > Furrow irrigation > Infiltration > Polyacrylamide
Irrigation > Furrow irrigation > Infiltration > Straw residue
Polyacrylamide (PAM) > Water-soluble PAM (WSPAM) > Erosion control
Polyacrylamide (PAM) > Water-soluble PAM (WSPAM) > Infiltration management
Soil > Erosion
Mass Import - autoclassified (may be erroneous)
Depositing User: Michelle Wayment
Date Deposited: 20 Nov 2010 21:56
Last Modified: 14 Nov 2016 18:50
Item ID: 889
URI: https://eprints.nwisrl.ars.usda.gov/id/eprint/889

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