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The Effect of Leaf Water Variables on Ice Nucleating Pseudomonas syringae in Beans

Cary, J.W. and Lindow, S.E. (1986) The Effect of Leaf Water Variables on Ice Nucleating Pseudomonas syringae in Beans. HortScience. 21(6):1417-1418.

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Abstract

Pinto bean seedlings 'UI 114' (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) were subjected to temperatures between – 2° and – 5°C for periods ranging from 0.5 to 12 hr. The plants that were not sprayed with a suspension of the nucleating Pseudomonas syringae bacteria and those that were water-stressed to near wilting were most resistant to ice nucleation. Plants with dry leaf surfaces were much more apt to supercool than those with distilled water droplets on their leaves, whether inoculated with the bacteria or not. Spraying the freeze-dried bacteria suspended in distilled water on the leaves increased wettability and dew formation on the leaf surfaces. Tests with an oxytetracycline preparation, which also increased wetting, suggested that a hydrophobic leaf surface helps delay ice formation. Use of wetting agents in leaf sprays may be counterproductive so far as supercooling stability is concerned. It is obvious that leaf water relations interact with bacterial ice nucleation.

Item Type: Article
NWISRL Publication Number: 0595
Subjects: Irrigated crops > Bean / dry bean
Mass Import - autoclassified (may be erroneous)
Depositing User: Dan Stieneke
Date Deposited: 20 Nov 2010 21:52
Last Modified: 13 Jan 2017 19:12
Item ID: 472
URI: https://eprints.nwisrl.ars.usda.gov/id/eprint/472

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