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Biochars reduce mine land soil bioavailable metals

Ippolito, J.A. and Berry, C.M. and Strawn, D.G. and Novak, J.M. and Levine, J. and Harley, A (2017) Biochars reduce mine land soil bioavailable metals. Journal of Environmental Quality. 46:411-419. 17 March 2017.

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Abstract

Biochars are being proposed as an amendment to remediate mine land soils. Therefore, two different feedstocks (pine beetle-killed lodgepole pine [Pinus contorta] and tamarisk [Tamarix spp.]), within close proximity to mine land affected soils, were used to create biochars in order to determine if they have the potential to reduce metal bioaccessibility. Four different mine land soils, contaminated with various amounts of cadmium, copper, lead, and zinc, received increasing amounts of biochar (0, 5, 10, and 15% by weight). Soil pH and metal bioaccessibility were determined, and the European Community Bureau of Reference sequential extraction procedure was employed to identify pools responsible for potential shifts in bioaccessibility. Increasing biochar application rates caused increases in soil pH (initial: 3.97; final: 7.49) and 55 to 100% (no longer detectable) decreases in metal bioaccessibility. The sequential extraction procedure supported the association of cadmium with carbonates, copper and zinc with oxyhydroxides and carbonates, and lead with oxyhydroxides; these phases were likely responsible for the reduction in heavy metal bioaccessibility. This study proved that feedstocks local to abandoned mining operations could subsequently be used to create biochars and reduce heavy metal bioaccessibility in mine land soils.

Item Type: Article
NWISRL Publication Number: 1594
Subjects: Soil > Chemistry
Soil
Depositing User: Michelle Wayment
Date Deposited: 24 Mar 2017 15:24
Last Modified: 24 Mar 2017 15:24
Item ID: 1636
URI: https://eprints.nwisrl.ars.usda.gov/id/eprint/1636

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