Evaluation of Nitrogen and Phosphorus Fertilizer Placement With Strip Tillage for Irrigated Pacific Northwest Corn Production

Tarkalson, D.D. and Bjorneberg, D.L. (2010) Evaluation of Nitrogen and Phosphorus Fertilizer Placement With Strip Tillage for Irrigated Pacific Northwest Corn Production. Crop Management. Available: http://www.plantmanagementnetwork.org/sub/cm/resea...

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Abstract

Nutrient placement options with strip tillage (ST) can potentially improve plant nutrient utilization and increase crop yield compared to conventional fertilizer placement practices under conventional tillage (CT). The effects of tillage practice and nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) placement on grain yield, biomass yield (whole plant, sum of grain, cobs, and stover), and N and P uptake of field corn (Zea mays L.) were assessed on four sites during 2007 and 2009 at the USDA-ARS Northwest Irrigation & Soils Research Laboratory at Kimberly, ID. During each year, two locations (eroded and not eroded from furrow irrigation) were utilized as study locations. Band placement of fertilizer with ST increased corn grain yield by 12.5 percent (689 kg per ha) and 25.9 percent (1,626 kg per ha) on the eroded locations compared to broadcast N and P and 5cm by 5cm N under CT in 2007 and 2009, respectively. These increased yields also resulted in better utilization of N and P by the plant. Reduced tillage costs of ST with associated band placement of N and P could increase the economic productivity of many acres of land in the Pacific Northwest.

Item Type: Article
NWISRL Publication Number: 1358
Subjects: Soil > Amendments > Fertilizer
Soil
Soil > Chemistry > Nitrogen
Soil > Chemistry > Phosphorous
Depositing User: Michelle Wayment
Date Deposited: 12 Jul 2010 21:09
Last Modified: 21 Nov 2010 22:32
Item ID: 1383
URI: https://eprints.nwisrl.ars.usda.gov/id/eprint/1383

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